DLEDA: Do Legislatures Enhance Democracy in Africa?
- FB Politik- und Verwaltungswissenschaft
|(2021): Presidential Term Limits and Regime Types : When Do Leaders Respect Constitutional Norms? Africa Spectrum. Sage Publications. 2021, 55(3), pp. 251-271. ISSN 0002-0397. eISSN 1868-6869. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0002039720945720||
Why do some leaders respect constitutional provisions like presidential term limits, while others do not? For all regimes, constitutions are important reference texts that provide some basic rules of the game. Within this framework, term limits and electoral laws are crucial because they are directly concerned with the exercise of power. Using Geddes’ regime typology, this article is proposing a regime-oriented approach to explain the variation on the African continent. Democracies, party-based regimes, and military regimes are surely different from each other, but they have a degree of depersonalisation in common that is not found in personalist regimes. For the latter type, term limits are a question of regime survival. Personalist rulers will therefore seek to amend or ignore constitutions, but their success will depend on the cohesion of their ruling coalition. The argument will be illustrated with two case studies: Togo and Tanzania.
|Period:||01.08.2018 – 31.07.2023|