Beihilfe zur Initiierung und Intensivierung einer bilateralen Kooperation

Description

Discourse particles in Indo-Aryan and in Germanic

 

Discourse particles – in German called Modalpartikeln or Abtönungspartikeln like aber, denn, doch, eben, halt, ja, nur, schon, vielleicht, wohl etc. – are adverb-like elements which play a role when sentence types (declaratives, interrogatives, imperatives) are turned into full-fledged utterances with illocutionary force. They have highly interesting properties and provide an important window into the syntax of the language. This joint project will study similar elements in Indo-Aryan languages, in particular in Bangla (also known as Bengali), a rather strict head-final language. As in German, correspondents in Bangla (ṭa, na, re, ki, to, je, ba etc.) often have a dual function in the language and appear in their function as discourse particles in a fixed position. But they differ in being like clitic elements which attract a focused phrase. The goal is to derive from the behavior of discourse particles common denominators in two remote Indo-Germanic languages and language groups, and to use these informations for a better formal grasp of syntactic variation.

 

The Indian partner is Professor Probal Dasgupta, PhD from the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata (West-Bengal, India). He is an internationally known syntactician and expert on Bangla. Since his 1980 New York University doctoral dissertation,  Professor Dasgupta has frequently published on the grammar of particles and clause structure in Bangla.

 

Institutions
  • FB Linguistik
Funding sources
NameProject no.DescriptionPeriod
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft682/09no information
Further information
Period: 13.08.2009 – 12.09.2010