SciKon - die Forschungsplattform der Universität Konstanz

|
 
 

MesoPIN: Hocheffiziente gedruckte (>17%) Perowskit Solarzellen

Institutionen
  • FB Physik
Publikationen
  Grupp, Alexander; Ehrenreich, Philipp; Kalb, Julian; Budweg, Arne; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas; Brida, Daniele (2017): Incoherent Pathways of Charge Separation in Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells i The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters ; 8 (2017). - S. 4858-4864. - eISSN 1948-7185  

Incoherent Pathways of Charge Separation in Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells

Grupp, Alexander; Ehrenreich, Philipp; Kalb, Julian; Budweg, Arne; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas; Brida, Daniele

In this work, we investigate the exciton dissociation dynamics occurring at the donor:acceptor interface in organic and hybrid blends employed in the realization of photovoltaic cells. Fundamental differences in the charge separation process are studied with the organic semiconductor polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and either [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) or titanium dioxide (TiO2) acting as the acceptor. By using ultrafast broad-band transient absorption spectroscopy with few-fs temporal resolution, we observe that in both cases the incoherent formation of free charges dominates the charge generation process. From the optical response of the polymer and by tracking the excited-state absorption, we extract pivotal similarities in the incoherent energy pathways that follow the impulsive excitation. On time scales shorter than 200 fs, we observe that the two acceptors display similar dynamics in the exciton delocalization. Significant differences arise only on longer time scales with only an impact on the overall photocarrier generation efficiency.

 

Herkunft (Projekte)

    Birkhold, Susanne T.; Zimmermann, Eugen; Kollek, Tom; Wurmbrand, Daniel; Polarz, Sebastian; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas (2017): Impact of Crystal Surface on Photoexcited States in Organic-Inorganic Perovskites i Advanced Functional Materials ; 27 (2017), 6. - 1604995. - ISSN 1616-301X. - eISSN 1616-3028  

Impact of Crystal Surface on Photoexcited States in Organic-Inorganic Perovskites

Birkhold, Susanne T.; Zimmermann, Eugen; Kollek, Tom; Wurmbrand, Daniel; Polarz, Sebastian; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas

Despite their outstanding photovoltaic performance, organic–inorganic perovskite solar cells still face severe stability issues and limitations in their device dimension. Further development of perovskite solar cells therefore requires a deeper understanding of loss mechanisms, in particular, concerning the origin and impact of trap states. Here, different surface properties of submicrometer sized CH3NH3PbI3 particles are studied as a model system by photoluminescence spectroscopy to investigate the impact of the perovskite crystal surface on photoexcited states. Comparison of single crystals with either isolating or electron-rich surface passivation indicates the presence of positively charged surface trap states that can be passivated in case of the latter. These surface trap states cause enhanced nonradiative recombination at room temperature, which is a loss mechanism for solar cell performance. In the orthorhombic phase, the origin of multiple emission peaks is identified as the recombination of free and bound excitons, whose population ratio critically depends on trap state properties. The dynamics of exciton trapping at 50 K are observed on a time-scale of tens of picoseconds by a simultaneous population decrease and increase of free and bound excitons, respectively. These results emphasize the potential of surface passivation to further improve the performance of perovskite solar cells.

 

Herkunft (Projekte)

    Ehrenreich, Philipp; Birkhold, Susanne T.; Zimmermann, Eugen; Hu, Hao; Kim, Kwang-Dae; Weickert, Jonas; Pfadler, Thomas; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas (2016): H-aggregate analysis of P3HT thin films-Capability and limitation of photoluminescence and UV/Vis spectroscopy i Scientific Reports ; 6 (2016). - 32434. - eISSN 2045-2322  

H-aggregate analysis of P3HT thin films-Capability and limitation of photoluminescence and UV/Vis spectroscopy

Ehrenreich, Philipp; Birkhold, Susanne T.; Zimmermann, Eugen; Hu, Hao; Kim, Kwang-Dae; Weickert, Jonas; Pfadler, Thomas; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas

Polymer morphology and aggregation play an essential role for efficient charge carrier transport and charge separation in polymer-based electronic devices. It is a common method to apply the H-aggregate model to UV/Vis or photoluminescence spectra in order to analyze polymer aggregation. In this work we present strategies to obtain reliable and conclusive information on polymer aggregation and morphology based on the application of an H-aggregate analysis on UV/Vis and photoluminescence spectra. We demonstrate, with P3HT as model system, that thickness dependent reflection behavior can lead to misinterpretation of UV/Vis spectra within the H-aggregate model. Values for the exciton bandwidth can deviate by a factor of two for polymer thicknesses below 150 nm. In contrast, photoluminescence spectra are found to be a reliable basis for characterization of polymer aggregation due to their weaker dependence on the wavelength dependent refractive index of the polymer. We demonstrate this by studying the influence of surface characteristics on polymer aggregation for spin-coated thin-films that are commonly used in organic and hybrid solar cells.

 

Herkunft (Projekte)

    Zimmermann, Eugen; Wong, Ka Kan; Müller, Michael; Hu, Hao; Ehrenreich, Philipp; Kohlstädt, Markus; Würfel, Uli; Mastroianni, Simone; Pfadler, Thomas; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas (2016): Characterization of perovskite solar cells : towards a reliable measurement protocol i APL Materials ; 4 (2016), 9. - 091901. - eISSN 2166-532X  

Characterization of perovskite solar cells : towards a reliable measurement protocol

Zimmermann, Eugen; Wong, Ka Kan; Müller, Michael; Hu, Hao; Ehrenreich, Philipp; Kohlstädt, Markus; Würfel, Uli; Mastroianni, Simone; Pfadler, Thomas; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas

Lead halide perovskite solar cells have shown a tremendous rise in power conversion efficiency with reported record efficiencies of over 20% making this material very promising as a low cost alternative to conventional inorganic solar cells. However, due to a differently severe “hysteretic” behaviour during current density-voltage measurements, which strongly depends on scan rate, device and measurement history, preparation method, device architecture, etc., commonly used solar cell measurements do not give reliable or even reproducible results. For the aspect of commercialization and the possibility to compare results of different devices among different laboratories, it is necessary to establish a measurement protocol which gives reproducible results. Therefore, we compare device characteristics derived from standard current density-voltage measurements with stabilized values obtained from an adaptive tracking of the maximum power point and the open circuit voltage as well as characteristics extracted from time resolved current density-voltage measurements. Our results provide insight into the challenges of a correct determination of device performance and propose a measurement protocol for a reliable characterisation which is easy to implement and has been tested on varying perovskite solar cells fabricated in different laboratories.

 

Herkunft (Projekte)

    Hu, Hao; Wong, Ka Kan; Kollek, Tom; Hanusch, Fabian; Polarz, Sebastian; Docampo, Pablo; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas (2016): Highly Efficient Reproducible Perovskite Solar Cells Prepared by Low-Temperature Processing i Molecules ; 21 (2016), 4. - 542. - eISSN 1420-3049  

Highly Efficient Reproducible Perovskite Solar Cells Prepared by Low-Temperature Processing

Hu, Hao; Wong, Ka Kan; Kollek, Tom; Hanusch, Fabian; Polarz, Sebastian; Docampo, Pablo; Schmidt-Mende, Lukas

In this work, we describe the role of the different layers in perovskite solar cells to achieve reproducible, ~16% efficient perovskite solar cells. We used a planar device architecture withIn this work, we describe the role of the different layers in perovskite solar cells to achieve reproducible, ~16% efficient perovskite solar cells. We used a planar device architecture with PEDOT:PSS on the bottom, followed by the perovskite layer and an evaporated C60 layer before deposition of the top electrode. No high temperature annealing step is needed, which also allows processing on flexible plastic substrates. Only the optimization of all of these layers leads to highly efficient and reproducible results. In this work, we describe the effects of different processing conditions, especially the influence of the C60 top layer on the device performance.

 

Herkunft (Projekte)

Mittelgeber
Name Kennziffer Beschreibung Laufzeit
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung668/14keine Angabe
Weitere Informationen
Laufzeit: 01.09.2014 – 31.08.2017