Das Mega-Genom des Lungenfischs: Analyse der größten Wirbeltiergenome und der Evolution von Anpassungen der Tetrapoden


Lungfish occupy an evolutionary key position for the understanding of tetrapod evolution and genomic, physiological and morphological innovations that permitted the terrestrialization of vertebrates. Lungfish are not only ”living fossils” in a crucial position in the evolution of vertebrates – they also have the largest genomes in the animal kingdom. The mechanisms that have led and that maintain such a large animal genome are still poorly understood. These features make the lungfish and a comparison to the axolotl genome (we are planning to collaborate with Elly Tanaka; see supporting letter) a highly interesting study system to trace tetrapod innovations and the structure and the origin of large genomes. Although a hypothesis of a di-phyletic origin of tetrapods (salamander descend from lungfish-like porolepiform fish and all other tetrapods descent from osteolepiform fishes) was advocated by the majority of paleontologists and comparative morphologists in the first half of the 20th century (Rosen et al. 1981), it has not received support lately (Panchen and Smithson 1987). However, the similarly gigantic genomes of lungfish and salamander is an interesting parallelism that will be investigated genomically by us. Composition of the project group:

- Prof. Thorsten Burmester (Universität Hamburg) and his group

- Prof. Manfred Schartl (Julius-Maximilians Universität Würzburg) and his group

  • FB Biologie
Name Finanzierungstyp Kategorie Kennziffer
Sachbeihilfe/Normalverfahren Drittmittel Forschungsförderprogramm 679/19
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Laufzeit: 01.05.2019 – 30.04.2022