FoGr "Grenzen der Absichtlichkeit" - TP 6: Entwicklungsbedingungen von Absichtlichkeit und ihrer Grenzen: Selbstregulation im Schulalter

  • AG Trommsdorff (Entwicklungspsychologie & Kulturvergleich)
    Heikamp, Tobias; Alessandri, Guido; Laguna, Mariola; Petrovic, Vesna; Caprara, Maria Giovanna; Trommsdorff, Gisela (2014): Cross-cultural validation of the positivity-scale in five European countries Personality and Individual Differences. 2014, 71, pp. 140-145. ISSN 0191-8869. eISSN 1873-3549. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.07.012

Cross-cultural validation of the positivity-scale in five European countries


The aim of the present paper was to test the cross-cultural validity of the Positivity-Scale (P-Scale), a new nquestionnaire designed for the measurement of positivity (i.e., general tendency to evaluate self, life, and future in a positive way). Participants (N = 3544) from Italy, Germany, Spain, Poland, and Serbia answered eight items of the P-Scale and responded to items from other well-validated measures. Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported the assumed one-factor structure of the P-Scale and demonstrated its gender invariance in each country and cross-cultural validity. Correlation analyses revealed significant and positive associations of the P-Scale with self-esteem, life satisfaction, optimism, and a latent factor variable of positivity, and a negative relation to depression. The findings provided support for the convergent validity of the P-Scale across countries. Possible applications of the P-Scale are suggested. Implications for further research on conditions and outcomes of positivity in different cultural contexts are discussed.

Forschungszusammenhang (Projekte)

Name Finanzierungstyp Kategorie Kennziffer
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Drittmittel Forschungsförderprogramm 457/09
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Laufzeit: 10.02.2009 – 09.02.2012